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9/16/2022 7:03:31 AM 

5 Consequences of Untreated Gum Disease

Periodontal disease, often known as gum disease, is an infection of the gum tissue caused by poor dental hygiene. Plaque and tartar accumulation on the teeth can result in the formation of harmful microorganisms. Gingivitis, or the early stage of gum disease, develops when it hardens.

Gingivitis is completely reversible if you get timely gum disease treatment. During regular teeth cleaning, a dentist can nearly always detect early gum disease. If gum disease is not treated and progresses to periodontal disease, the effects become permanent. In this article, we have gathered five consequences of untreated gum disease that you shouldn't neglect.

1. Tooth loss
Gum disease makes the gum recede or draw back from the teeth, which causes the teeth to become loose. Your teeth are at risk of falling out because they are no longer securely held in place by the gums.

Gum damage might be irreversible at this stage of severe periodontal disease. While a dentist may provide treatments such as dental implants and dentures to replace lost teeth, it is critical to get treatment as soon as possible for the best prognosis.

2. Deterioration of the jaw bone
When gum disease is not addressed in time, the jaw, like the teeth, can suffer. Many people are unaware of the importance of the jaw in dental health. It is in charge of keeping the soft tissues and teeth in place.

When gum disease is not treated, the infection spreads to the jaw as well as the teeth. Once in the jaw, it can erode the bone structure and cause jaw degeneration. When the jaw begins to degenerate, it can cause low functionality as well as poor aesthetics, both of which need considerable therapy.

3. Heart disease
Chronic inflammation causes a lot of negative effects on the body. When the body begins to assault healthy cells, it becomes an issue. This is also why gum disease is associated with heart disease. Patients with poor oral hygiene are three times more likely to develop heart disease, according to the American Heart Association.

Gum disease affects blood pressure in people with hypertension and interferes with the effectiveness of hypertension treatments. According to some research, gum disease increases a patient's chance of having a heart attack by 49%. Inflammation in the mouth is linked to inflammation in the heart.

4. Cancer
On the surface, gum disease and cancer appear to have little in common. However, periodontal disease is linked to a slight but significant increase in total cancer risk. Several studies have revealed a substantial correlation between gum disease and overall cancer risk. The link between gum disease and pancreatic cancer was also significant.

Researchers discovered that an enzyme generated by a species of bacterium often linked with gum disease, Treponema denticola, is detected in some gastrointestinal cancers. It also turned on additional enzymes that help cancer cells spread into healthy tissue.

5. Diabetes
Bacteria tend to live in sugary environments. High glucose levels in the body allow bacteria to multiply and damage the teeth and gums as well as cause gingivitis. Periodontal disease, on the other hand, raises blood sugar levels, putting you at risk for Type 2 diabetes.

The bacteria that infect the gums will enter the bloodstream and disrupt the immune system. To combat the bacteria, the body will raise blood sugar levels in defense. Because chronic inflammation is related to gum disease, people with diabetes may experience problems with regulating blood sugar levels.

The bottom line
It is essential to understand that the aforementioned complications are not the only outcomes of untreated gum disease. So if you have noticed any signs of gum disease or your dentist has diagnosed you with this condition, don't delay your treatment.

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5 Consequences of Untreated Gum Disease